Piaget was interested in how children organize “data,” and settled on two fundamental responses stimuli: assimilation of knowledge, and accommodation of knowledge.Assimilation of knowledge occurs when a learner encounters a new idea, and must “fit” that idea into what they already know. Accommodation of knowledge is more substantial, requiring the learner to reshape those containers.When using this concept to describe assimilation we could say that a child’s schema of a dog would be that all dogs have four legs, lots of fur, and they bark.Over time a child comes to know that dogs can look different and be all shapes and sizes, but each time they meet a new dog, they simply add the new information to the existing pool of information about dogs.With increasing age the lens becomes harder and less flexible, resulting in a loss of accommodation and usually of the ability to focus on nearby objects. In accommodation for near vision, the ciliary muscle contracts, causing increased rounding of the lens, the pupil contracts, and the optic axes converge.
A young child may have an existing schema for dogs.
The process of accommodation involves altering one's existing schemas, or ideas, as a result of new information or new experiences.
New schemas may also be developed during this process.
Experts agree that their are many different processes by which information can be learned.
One of these methods that was described by an early psychologist is known as accommodation.